Restoring the “Glideways” of the K2W Link


Administrative details


Source:                 NSW Environmental Trust ‘BushConnect’

Proponent:         Kanangra-Boyd to Wyangala Link partnership

Contact:               Mary Bonet

Administrator:   Foundation for National Parks & Wildlife

Location:              Wombeyan Caves, Fullerton-Hadley, Neville

Timeframe:        start date:  01/01/2016                  completion date 30/06/2025

Value:                   $499,396

Program objective(s)

 Increase awareness of the status of gliders and other species across three districts;

  1. Coordinate landholder commitments to protect and link habitats across the landscape;
  2. Enhance remnant habitats with nest boxes and plantings with preferred feed species;
  3. Restore functional linkages through grazing management, natural regeneration, targeted plantings and feral predator control;
  4. Strengthen local capacity to manage persistent pressures through fire planning and surveillance of invasive species; and
  5. Monitor changes in glider distribution and abundance.


Gliders are one example of a group of species whose habitat and connectivity needs in the K2W Link align with the broader needs of their local environment. They require a well-coordinated mix of habitat protection, buffering and reconnection of occupied and potential habitat areas, suppression of introduced predators and feral grazers, protection of linked and connecting areas across public and private lands, and ongoing involvement of the community in local management efforts, and monitoring to ensure persistence.


The K2W Link provides habitat for all five NSW-based glider species, with populations centred around Wombeyan Caves-Mares Forest National Park, Copperhannia Nature Reserve, and Abercrombie River National Park. Gliders persist in these districts despite pressures from habitat degradation and introduced species, but face continued decline if threats remain unchecked. Spatial analysis by OEH in 2012, conservation action planning by K2W partners and local knowledge all highlight the need to strengthen landscape corridor connections, enhance the quality and extant of remnant habitat, and coordinate suppression of feral predators and threats to habitat quality (eg from intense wildfire).


Targeted interventions in strategic locations will help prevent further population decline and ensure the long-term persistence of the species in the K2W Link. By coordinating across tenures in priority districts, the Glideways project will ensure that existing populations of gliders persist, while supporting habitat and movement needs of other migratory and resident species. Our strategic project objectives are therefore to:

  1. Raise community awareness of the significance of their properties in contributing to natural ‘glideways’ which support the persistence and movement of gliders in three districts;
  2. Strengthen the capacity and coordination of individuals, landholder groups and partners organisations to link glider conservation efforts within and across land tenures and districts; and
  3. Increase the area of effective habitat available to gliders, including through restoration of functional connectivity or priority linkages.

Project activities

  •  Direct engagement with landholders in species identification workshops, field days and planting events to raise awareness and encourage increased awareness of and participation in land conservancy to achieve glider conservation;
  •  Property habitat assessments provided while developing voluntary agreements which promote farmer awareness of habitat values of their properties;
  •  Coordinated delivery of tangible projects achieving habitat enhancement (including landholder involvement in next box construction, installation and maintenance of nest boxes and infill feed species planting); and
  •  Coordinated management of feral predators and introduced grazers, based on increased awareness of the multiple benefits for farm management and productivity.


Project deliverables


  1. Glideways BioBlitz events and youth activities including glider survey, species identification workshops and feral pest camera trapping to increase community awareness of the status and significance of gliders in the K2W landscape;


  1. Engage universities and local field naturalist groups in survey activities to establish a benchmark of glider population distribution and abundance, and habitat condition, and assess the distribution of hollow-bearing trees, preferred feed species and threats to movement (e.g. from barbed wire fencing, wide roads, etc);


  1. Undertake site visits with landholders to develop whole farm habitat conservation management plans, and design a schedule of works to implement agreed restoration works;


  1. Strategically manage threats to gliders from predation by feral cats and foxes, poorly timed or planned fires, and the impacts of stock and feral grazers on habitat quality;


  1. Provide supplementary habitat in existing remnants through nest box installation, where required, and infill plantings;


  1. Restore cross-tenure linkages between core protected areas and large remnants on private land through targeted patch plantings (glide posts and crossing ropes will be used where land use precludes replanting);


  1. Distribute information and actively engage landholders, Landcare and other community networks to increase awareness and understanding of private land conservancy options and coordinate landholder commitments so that voluntary agreements protect and link mature habitat remnants across the landscape;


  1. Build landholder capacity to self-organise to maintain works and outcomes through existing Landcare and community group structures; and


  1. Develop and implement long term glider monitoring protocols based on experience in other GER landscapes to guide the initial establishment of transects and monitoring plots, and census glider populations, their distribution and abundance across targeted districts.



Project partners


Foundation for National Parks & Wildlife Project management and administration; landholder contacts database; operating costs (travel etc)
Central Tablelands Local Land Services and South East LLS Coordinate pest and weed control; purchase of materials and chemicals; Community engagement and external communications; Fauna and habitat survey to establish baseline condition and species distribution/abundance; Site works planning; Building and installation of glider next boxes and glider posts; Integrated pest animal control; Outcomes monitoring to track restoration success, monitor species distribution and abundance outcomes, and check for emerging threats
National Parks and Wildlife Service, Office of Environment and Heritage Pest animal control; Neighbour relations; Develop site works plans  for onground works; Integrated pest animal control; Outcomes monitoring to track restoration success, monitor species distribution and abundance outcomes, and check for emerging threat
SkillSet Green Army, Crookwell Erect glider-safe stock-proof fencing to manage stock and feral herbivore access; Landscape-wide seed collection; Soil preparation; Patch plantings using direct seeding or stem planting (dependent on site conditions and planting design); Placement of glider posts in critical locations where infrastructure maintenance or land use precludes patch plantings
National Parks Association of NSW Community engagement and external communications; Cat owner awareness raising; Transect survey of hollow-bearing trees and preferred feed species; Camera trapping /monitoring to raise community awareness
Landcare Undertake whole-farm property assessment; Information workshops and presentations at other events to promote the range of private land conservation options; Nest box program
Community Environment Network, Wildlife Lands Trust, Nature Conservation Trust Undertake whole-farm property assessment; Information workshops and presentations at other events to promote the range of private land conservation options; Negotiate and establish voluntary non-binding agreements; Negotiate and establish voluntary binding agreements to protect habita